Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 500m north west of Higher Ennis Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Erme, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.3436 / 50°20'37"N

Longitude: -5.0385 / 5°2'18"W

OS Eastings: 183902.039446

OS Northings: 53716.474368

OS Grid: SW839537

Mapcode National: GBR ZF.RKP6

Mapcode Global: FRA 08B4.8WH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m north west of Higher Ennis Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 December 1958

Last Amended: 24 September 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017049

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32901

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Erme

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Erme

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes part of a late Neolithic to Bronze Age bowl barrow,
situated on the western shoulder of a ridge south west of Carland Cross. The
barrow has a mound with a low, regularly curving profile, approximately 22m in
diameter and 0.7m high. It has been truncated by the modern A30 road on the
SSE, leaving a steeply sloping scarp down to the roadside. A slight, 2m wide,
irregular depression outside the mound to the north east is considered to
derive from a former ditch around the mound. The monument is closely
associated with a group of barrows of bowl, bell and platform type, and may
represent the most westerly barrow of a small round barrow cemetery.
The modern fence across the south of the barrow is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 500m north west of Higher Ennis Farm survives reasonably well,
showing clearly the rounded profile of its mound and traces of a ditch.
Despite the truncation of its SSE side, its mound and underlying old land
surface remain substantially intact as will original buried deposits
associated with them. Its location within a wider ridge-top barrow cemetery
containing differing barrow forms illustrates well the important role of
topography and the diversity of practices within Bronze Age funerary activity.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Henderson, C, 'Parochial Antiquities' in Parochial Antiquities, , Vol. 3, (1916), 211
Prior, R, 'Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall' in Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, , Vol. 13, (1898), 436
Ordnance Survey, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1970)
Preston-Jones, A, AM107, (1989)
Sheppard, P, AM12, (1981)

Source: Historic England

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