Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood on the south west side of Iveson Drive

A Scheduled Monument in Weetwood, Leeds

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Latitude: 53.843 / 53°50'34"N

Longitude: -1.6095 / 1°36'34"W

OS Eastings: 425789.32957

OS Northings: 438594.64059

OS Grid: SE257385

Mapcode National: GBR B22.X6

Mapcode Global: WHC95.7NTS

Entry Name: Stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood on the south west side of Iveson Drive

Scheduled Date: 10 October 1980

Last Amended: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018814

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31527

County: Leeds

Electoral Ward/Division: Weetwood

Built-Up Area: Leeds

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ireland Wood St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes an enclosed stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood,
between Woodside Quarry and Iveson Drive. It consists of an irregular rubble-
banked enclosure with a probable hut circle at its east corner, and with
rubble and orthostatic field walls attached to it. The enclosure bank is
3m wide and 0.3m high and is made of sandstone rubble. There is a mound of
sandstone rubble at the side of a modern footpath which crosses the enclosure;
this may represent the disturbed remains of an internal division of the
enclosure. The probable hut circle lies at the east corner of the enclosure,
and takes the form of a sub-circular hollow bounded on its south and east
sides by a slight stony bank. Substantial remains of prehistoric field walls
are attached to the north and east sides of the enclosure. These are formed of
rubble, 3m wide, faced on both sides with orthostats. Additional, less
distinct, prehistoric field boundaries are visible west of the enclosure, from
which stone may have been removed to build modern walls such as the wall on
the west edge of the monument, and these are also included in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of
prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-
based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor
area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The
huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or
be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated
field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by
areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other
enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their
relationship with other monument types provides important information on the
diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood survives well. It is part of a
wider area of prehistoric settlement which includes the stone hut circle
settlement in Iveson Wood nearby, the subject of a separate scheduling.

Source: Historic England

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