Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cup, ring and groove marked rock 15m from south wall of Gab Wood 300m east of Moseley Farm, Cookridge

A Scheduled Monument in Adel and Wharfedale, Leeds

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Latitude: 53.8612 / 53°51'40"N

Longitude: -1.6274 / 1°37'38"W

OS Eastings: 424601.508813

OS Northings: 440614.387462

OS Grid: SE246406

Mapcode National: GBR KR2S.GM

Mapcode Global: WHC94.Z66S

Entry Name: Cup, ring and groove marked rock 15m from south wall of Gab Wood 300m east of Moseley Farm, Cookridge

Scheduled Date: 4 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015107

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29148

County: Leeds

Electoral Ward/Division: Adel and Wharfedale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cookridge Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a carved, triangular, gritstone rock, 1.5m by 1.5m by
0.5m. It is situated in Gab Wood at Cookridge, 300m east of Moseley Farm.
It is 15m from the south wall of the wood, and 42m east of the wall junction
in the adjacent field. An accurate National Grid Reference is SE 24603 40612.
The carving consists of one cup with two almost complete rings, the outer ring
an irregular oval, on the highest part of the rock. A groove from the cup
crosses the rings, and runs right across the rock, crossing another groove.
The two grooves form two sides of a rectangular pecked out area. There is
another short groove.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Aire valley where a number of outliers from the
main concentration of carved rocks on Rombalds Moor are located.

Source: Historic England

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