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Cup, ring and groove marked rock 2m south of north wall of Gab Wood 330m east of Moseley Farm, Cookridge

A Scheduled Monument in Adel and Wharfedale, Leeds

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8621 / 53°51'43"N

Longitude: -1.6273 / 1°37'38"W

OS Eastings: 424610.402396

OS Northings: 440721.170573

OS Grid: SE246407

Mapcode National: GBR KR2S.H8

Mapcode Global: WHC94.Z681

Entry Name: Cup, ring and groove marked rock 2m south of north wall of Gab Wood 330m E of Moseley Farm, Cookridge

Scheduled Date: 4 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015108

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29149

County: Leeds

Electoral Ward/Division: Adel and Wharfedale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cookridge Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, 2.3m by 1.4m by 0.75m. It is
situated in Gab Wood, at Cookridge. It is 23m west of the gate at the north
side of the wood, and 2m south of the north boundary wall of the wood. The
gate is 129m east of a hedgeline on the other side of the track, which is at a
corner in the track. An accurate National Grid Reference for the rock is
SE 24612 40721.
The carving consists of four very large shallow cups near the centre of the
rock, arranged round a cup with a probable double ring; these rings could be a
spiral, but they are incomplete. To the south of these are at least six cups,
with now indistinct connecting grooves. At the north end of the rock are 17
smaller cups, at least one of which has a single ring, and grooves forming a
rectangle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms an important part of the
prehistoric landscape of the Aire valley where a number of outliers from the
main concentration of carved rocks on Rombalds Moor are located.

Source: Historic England

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