Ancient Monuments

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One of four round barrows known as Robin Hood's Butts, 600m north east of Black Beck Swang

A Scheduled Monument in Lockwood, Redcar and Cleveland

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Latitude: 54.493 / 54°29'34"N

Longitude: -0.9021 / 0°54'7"W

OS Eastings: 471212.213822

OS Northings: 511406.0284

OS Grid: NZ712114

Mapcode National: GBR QJ4H.H5

Mapcode Global: WHF8P.3BPF

Entry Name: One of four round barrows known as Robin Hood's Butts, 600m north east of Black Beck Swang

Scheduled Date: 3 July 1964

Last Amended: 4 February 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018777

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30191

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Lockwood

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Danby with Castleton and Commondale

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial
mound on the eastern side of Gerrick Moor. Three other barrows, also called
Robin Hood's Butts lie close by: one 190m to the east; one, with an associated
circular funerary enclosure 190m to the west; and the third, across the county
boundary, 650m to the WNW. All are the subject of separate schedulings.
The round barrow is intravisible with others in the group and is sited on
slightly sloping ground on the southern side of a broad WSW-ENE aligned ridge.
The barrow is a 14m diameter mound with a 6m diameter flat top standing 0.7m
There is no ditch visible surrounding the barrow, although excavation of other
barrows has shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on
the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of barrows
frequently survive as infilled features containing additional archaeological

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Excavation of other round barrows in the region has shown that they
demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated
material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically
dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used
for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently located on
or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials within the
body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These
are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items
have also occasionally been found.
The barrow 600m north east of Black Beck Swang is one of an important group of
barrows which includes a circular enclosure, interpreted as an enclosed Bronze
Age urnfield, a nationally rare form of Bronze Age funerary monument. Its
importance is enhanced by the fact that it is the only one of the four which
does not show signs of previous excavation. The other three barrows were all
partly excavated by Canon Atkinson in the early 1860s and were found to
contain Bronze Age cremation urns.

Source: Historic England

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