Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow on Gerrick Moor known as Herd Howe

A Scheduled Monument in Lockwood, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4964 / 54°29'46"N

Longitude: -0.9138 / 0°54'49"W

OS Eastings: 470448.265411

OS Northings: 511767.099733

OS Grid: NZ704117

Mapcode National: GBR QJ1F.YY

Mapcode Global: WHF8N.Y71V

Entry Name: Round barrow on Gerrick Moor known as Herd Howe

Scheduled Date: 6 January 1971

Last Amended: 19 March 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018801

English Heritage Legacy ID: 31998

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Lockwood

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Moorsholm

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position at the
top of a ridge on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an
earth and stone mound standing up to 2m high. It is round in shape and 22m in
diameter. The mound was originally surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide which
has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible.
In the centre of the mound there is a hollow the result of partial excavation
by J C Atkinson in 1863. This revealed that the mound had been constructed
over a stone cairn which covered a pit dug into the soil beneath the mound,
containing a cremation deposit. The remains of ten further cremations were
found, eight of them within urns, and one of these was accompanied by a stone
battle axe. Other finds included pottery vessels, flint tools, two bone pins
and a bone needle.
The barrow lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further
barrows, field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance, Herd Howe survives well. Significant information
about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be
preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow
mound and within the buried ditch. The barrow is one of only a few in the
North York Moors known to contain a large number of burials and to include a
burial accompanied by a prestige item, in this case a stone battle axe. It is
also only one of a few which had a ditch surrounding the mound. Together with
other barrows in the area, it is thought to represent a territorial marker.
Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west and central areas
of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial practice.
Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of land
division for social and ritual purposes in different geographical areas during
the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Crawford, G M, Bronze Age Burial Mounds in Cleveland, (1980)
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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