Ancient Monuments

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Two round cairns on Newton Moor, 850m north east of Summer Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Great Ayton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.5044 / 54°30'16"N

Longitude: -1.0807 / 1°4'50"W

OS Eastings: 459626.078465

OS Northings: 512514.144995

OS Grid: NZ596125

Mapcode National: GBR NJWC.T1

Mapcode Global: WHF8L.C1MN

Entry Name: Two round cairns on Newton Moor, 850m north east of Summer Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1969

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018664

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32012

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Great Ayton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Newton under Roseberry

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes two round cairns situated in a prominent position on a
moorland ridge on the edge of the North York Moors. The larger cairn to the
north has a stone mound 12m in diameter and standing up to 0.7m high. It was
originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the cairn and
supported the mound. However, over the years many of these stones have been
taken away or buried by peat accumulating around the edges of the mound,
although a few are still visible on the north and south edges. In the centre
of the mound there is a hollow, caused by past excavations, which is now
filled by a large walkers' cairn. Within the walkers'cairn there are two
boundary stones, one in the centre bearing the legend TKS1815 on the east face
and one leaning at the north side bearing the legends GIII on the west face
and RY1752 on the east. The stones comprise a Grade II Listed Building. The
smaller cairn lies 14m to the south. It has a well defined stone and earth
mound which is 4m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high.
The cairns belong to a group of seven spread along the ridge and lie in an
area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further burial monuments, field
systems and clearance cairns.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the larger of the two cairns on Newton Moor, 850m
north east of Summer Hill Farm has survived well. Significant information
about the original form of the cairn and the burials placed within it will be
preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the stone
mound. Unlike many other cairns in this area, the smaller cairn has not been
excavated and survives in a good state of preservation. The archaeological
deposits survive intact and evidence for the date and original form of the
cairn and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier
land use will also survive beneath the stone mound. The cairns belong to a
group of seven burial monuments and such clusters provide important insight
into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age.
They are also situated within an area which includes other groups of burial
monuments as well as field systems, enclosures and clearance cairns.
Associated groups of monuments such as these offer important scope for the
study of the distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Crawford, G M, Bronze Age Burial Mounds in Cleveland, (1980)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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