Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn on Newton Moor, 840m north east of Summer Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Great Ayton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5038 / 54°30'13"N

Longitude: -1.0795 / 1°4'46"W

OS Eastings: 459708.468543

OS Northings: 512438.047133

OS Grid: NZ597124

Mapcode National: GBR NJXC.39

Mapcode Global: WHF8L.D265

Entry Name: Round cairn on Newton Moor, 840m north east of Summer Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1969

Last Amended: 2 December 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1018663

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32011

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Great Ayton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Newton under Roseberry

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated in a prominent position on a
moorland ridge on the edge of the North York Moors. The cairn has a well
defined stone mound 10m in diameter and standing up to 1m high. The edges
of the mound are now covered in peat and vegetation. In the centre of the
mound there is a hollow caused by past excavations. A public footpath passes
the north edge of the mound running east-west.
The cairn is one in a group of seven spread along the ridge and lies in an
area rich in prehistoric monuments including further burial monuments, field
systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the cairn on Newton Moor, 840m north east of
Summer Hill Farm survives well. Significant information about the original
form of the cairn and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence
for earlier land use will also survive beneath the mound.
The cairn is one of a group of seven burial monuments and such clusters
provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice
during the Bronze Age. It is also situated within an area which includes other
groups of burial monuments as well as field systems, enclosures and clearance
cairns. Associated groups of monuments such as these offer important scope for
the study of the distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Crawford, G M, Bronze Age Burial Mounds in Cleveland, (1980)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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