Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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South Flat Howe round barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Farndale East, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3947 / 54°23'40"N

Longitude: -0.9741 / 0°58'26"W

OS Eastings: 466705.349348

OS Northings: 500396.82425

OS Grid: NZ667003

Mapcode National: GBR PKMM.XD

Mapcode Global: WHF91.0SDT

Entry Name: South Flat Howe round barrow

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1963

Last Amended: 19 March 1998

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1017829

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30138

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Farndale East

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkbymoorside All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes the remains of a round barrow surviving as an upstanding
earthwork within heather moorland, 900m WSW of where the path called Jackson's
Road meets the Castleton to Hutton-le-Hole road.
The barrow survives as a 17m diameter mound, rounded in profile, standing up
to 1.2m high with a 3m diameter depression about 0.4m deep marking its centre.
Around the foot of the barrow there are slight indications of a silted
encircling ditch which excavations of similar barrows on the moors have
demonstrated are fairly common features.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Excavation of round barrows on the North Yorkshire Moors have shown that they
demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated
material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically
dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that the barrows were normally
used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or
below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within
the body of the mound.
Flat Howe round barrow is a good example of its type and despite the small
central depression, probably left by a 19th century antiquarian, is largely

Source: Historic England

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