Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 300m south east of Hyford Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Wool, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.6869 / 50°41'12"N

Longitude: -2.2565 / 2°15'23"W

OS Eastings: 381977.857793

OS Northings: 87497.941586

OS Grid: SY819874

Mapcode National: GBR 219.SD1

Mapcode Global: FRA 6758.6RH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m south east of Hyford Cottage

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1957

Last Amended: 17 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015894

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28339

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Wool

Built-Up Area: Winfrith Heath Technology Centre

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Lulworths, Winfrith Newburgh and Chaldon

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on an knoll overlooking the Frome
Valley to the north. The barrow is one of a pair recorded in the area.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint, with maximum
dimensions of 15m in diameter and c.1.1m in height. The upper part of the
mound has a hollow 3.5m wide and c.0.6m deep cut into it, along with a trench
1m wide which leads to the western base of the mound. These features are
likely to relate to military training activities.
The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. The ditch is visible to the south as a
depression 3m wide and c.0.2m deep; elsewhere it has become infilled, but will
survive as a buried feature.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundaries, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some disturbance by military activities, the bowl barrow 300m
south east of Hyford Cottage survives well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England


RCHME, National Monuments Record,

Source: Historic England

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