Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Whitcombe Hill, 580m north east of Whitcombe Vale Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winfrith Newburgh, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.687 / 50°41'13"N

Longitude: -2.2776 / 2°16'39"W

OS Eastings: 380483.799447

OS Northings: 87521.770575

OS Grid: SY804875

Mapcode National: GBR 0ZY.T5J

Mapcode Global: FRA 6738.BHR

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Whitcombe Hill, 580m north east of Whitcombe Vale Farm

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1996

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015337

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29042

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winfrith Newburgh

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Lulworths, Winfrith Newburgh and Chaldon

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated upon a ridge known as Whitcombe
Hill, overlooking the Frome Valley to the north east, Winfrith Heath to the
south east and Whitcombe Vale to the south west. The barrow forms part of a
wider group of 12 which, together, form a round barrow cemetery on the western
part of Winfrith Heath.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum
dimensions of 10m in diameter and c.0.65m in height. The mound is surrounded
by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditch is visible as an earthwork 1.5m wide and c.0.1m deep to
the north, east and west. To the south there is a steep slope beyond which the
ditch is unlikely to have extended. The ditch is surrounded by a bank 1.5m
wide and 0.2m high to the north east and east.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Whitcombe Hill, 580m north east of Whitcombe Vale Farm
survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The
outer bank is an unusual survival in this area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 461

Source: Historic England

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