Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 330m south east of Nutley Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Winfrith Newburgh, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.677 / 50°40'37"N

Longitude: -2.2823 / 2°16'56"W

OS Eastings: 380149.899199

OS Northings: 86409.527691

OS Grid: SY801864

Mapcode National: GBR 103.KSL

Mapcode Global: FRA 6739.2P4

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 330m south east of Nutley Farm

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1957

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015335

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28399

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winfrith Newburgh

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Lulworths, Winfrith Newburgh and Chaldon

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a knoll overlooking Winfrith
Heath to the north. The barrow forms part of a wider group of 12 which,
together, form a round barrow cemetery on the western part of Winfrith Heath.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, sand and turf, with maximum
dimensions of 9m in diameter and c.0.5m in height. This is surrounded by a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditch has become infilled over the years, but it will survive as
a buried feature c.1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Winfrith Heath, 330m south east of Nutley Farm, survives
comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 461

Source: Historic England

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