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Two bowl barrows 85m and 130m south west of Cambrai House

A Scheduled Monument in Wool, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7013 / 50°42'4"N

Longitude: -2.2532 / 2°15'11"W

OS Eastings: 382210.835629

OS Northings: 89100.889497

OS Grid: SY822891

Mapcode National: GBR 213.TC9

Mapcode Global: FRA 6757.20T

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 85m and 130m south west of Cambrai House

Scheduled Date: 27 June 1967

Last Amended: 24 July 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020738

English Heritage Legacy ID: 35241

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Wool

Built-Up Area: Bovington Camp

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Wool, East Burton and Combe Keynes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes
two bowl barrows situated on a ridge on the edge of Crane's Moor, to the
south west of Cambrai House.
The northern of the two barrows has a mound composed of earth, sand and
turf, with maximum dimensions of 8m in diameter and about 0.75m in height.
It has been partly disturbed. The southern barrow has maximum dimensions
of 12m in diameter and is about 1m in height. Each mound is surrounded by
a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. The ditches have become infilled over the years, but each will
survive as a buried feature about 1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some disturbance, the two bowl barrows 85m and 130m south west of
Cambrai House survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological
and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in
which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 474

Source: Historic England

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