Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 350m north west of Gatehouse Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Wool, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6761 / 50°40'33"N

Longitude: -2.2496 / 2°14'58"W

OS Eastings: 382461.053224

OS Northings: 86298.242128

OS Grid: SY824862

Mapcode National: GBR 21H.G2Z

Mapcode Global: FRA 6759.3FV

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 350m north west of Gatehouse Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 August 1957

Last Amended: 31 January 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015339

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29044

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Wool

Built-Up Area: Winfrith Heath Technology Centre

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Wool, East Burton and Combe Keynes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on level ground, overlooking the
Frome Valley to the north east and Winfrith Heath to the west. The barrow has
a mound composed of earth, sand and flint, with maximum dimensions of 28m in
diameter and c.0.5m in height. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch has
become infilled over the years, but is known from aerial photographs to
survive as a buried feature about 2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some reduction by ploughing, the bowl barrow 350m north west of
Gatehouse Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 473

Source: Historic England

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