Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow at Tidy Brown Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Ingleby Greenhow, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4377 / 54°26'15"N

Longitude: -1.0715 / 1°4'17"W

OS Eastings: 460320.925771

OS Northings: 505095.00144

OS Grid: NZ603050

Mapcode National: GBR NKY3.TZ

Mapcode Global: WHF8S.HQZC

Entry Name: Round barrow at Tidy Brown Hill

Scheduled Date: 24 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014368

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25570

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Ingleby Greenhow

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ingleby Greenhow St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
north edge of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.9m high. It is round in
shape and 11m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m
wide which has been filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an
earthwork. The centre and northern side has been dug into in antiquity leaving
a hollow.
There are many similar barrows in this area of the North York Moors. Many are
part of groups particularly along the watersheds or other prominent locations,
which indicates that the barrows, as well as being funerary monuments, also
represent territorial markers defining divisions of land. These divisions
still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited disturbance this barrow survives well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the barrow mound.
Together with other barrows in the vicinity it is also thought to have
represented a territorial marker. Similar groups of monuments are also known
across the north and central areas of the North York Moors, providing
important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer
important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and
agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-122
Other
00792.00000,

Source: Historic England

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