Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 550m west of Baysdale Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Ingleby Greenhow, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4539 / 54°27'14"N

Longitude: -1.0608 / 1°3'38"W

OS Eastings: 460990.684677

OS Northings: 506907.409888

OS Grid: NZ609069

Mapcode National: GBR PJ1Y.45

Mapcode Global: WHF8S.P92X

Entry Name: Round barrow 550m west of Baysdale Farm

Scheduled Date: 29 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014372

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28232

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Ingleby Greenhow

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ingleby Greenhow St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
north west edge of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.8m high. It is round in
shape and 12m in diameter. The centre of the mound and the south east flank
have been excavated in the past leaving a hollow. The mound was surrounded by
a ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in over the years and is no longer
visible as an earthwork. On the north west side of the monument lies a modern
track which is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will survive beneath
the barrow mound.
In common with other barrows in the area this barrow is thought to have
represented a territorial marker. Similar groups of monuments are known
elsewhere in the west and central areas of the North York Moors, providing
important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer
important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and
agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-122

Source: Historic England

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