Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow at Round Hill, 400m SSW of Botton Head

A Scheduled Monument in Ingleby Greenhow, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.4063 / 54°24'22"N

Longitude: -1.0859 / 1°5'9"W

OS Eastings: 459432.692282

OS Northings: 501591.703581

OS Grid: NZ594015

Mapcode National: GBR NKVH.P7

Mapcode Global: WHF8Z.9H5W

Entry Name: Round barrow at Round Hill, 400m SSW of Botton Head

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1968

Last Amended: 24 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014367

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25569

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Ingleby Greenhow

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ingleby Greenhow St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the
north edge of the North York Moors.
The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 2m high. It is round in shape
and 23m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m wide
which has been filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an
earthwork. A trench in the north east flank is evidence that the monument was
partly excavated in the past.
There are many similar barrows in this area of the North York Moors. Many are
part of groups, particularly along the watersheds or other prominent
locations, which indicates that the barrows, as well as being funerary
monuments, also represent territorial markers defining divisions of land.
These divisions still remain as some parish or township boundaries.
There is a trigonometry point on the west side of the mound which is included
in the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant
information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed
within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive
beneath the barrow mound.
The monument is part of a group of barrows which are also considered to have
represented territorial markers. Similar groups of monuments are known across
the west and central areas of the North York Moors. Such groupings of
monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for
social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas
during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-122

Source: Historic England

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