Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 70m north of Oliver Cromwell's Battery

A Scheduled Monument in Olivers Battery, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0492 / 51°2'57"N

Longitude: -1.347 / 1°20'49"W

OS Eastings: 445870.793189

OS Northings: 127964.654535

OS Grid: SU458279

Mapcode National: GBR 866.29M

Mapcode Global: FRA 862B.T84

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 70m north of Oliver Cromwell's Battery

Scheduled Date: 29 September 1949

Last Amended: 3 December 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013042

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12141

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Olivers Battery

Built-Up Area: Winchester

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Winchester St Luke, Stanmore

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a small bowl barrow situated in private gardens and set
on a hill-top 70m north of Oliver Cromwell's Battery. The barrow mound
survives as a low grass-covered earthwork measuring 10m across from east-west
and 11m from north-south. The barrow stands to a height of 0.7m and is
surrounded by a ditch c.3m wide which survives as a buried feature. The
monument was partially excavated in 1930, producing a burial in a small chalk

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of the barrow mound, much of the monument remains
intact and therefore has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Andrew, W J, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Report on the first excavations at Oliver's Battery in 1930, , Vol. 12, (1932), 5-10

Source: Historic England

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