Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 75m west of Itchen Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Compton and Shawford, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0373 / 51°2'14"N

Longitude: -1.3254 / 1°19'31"W

OS Eastings: 447394.763361

OS Northings: 126649.248707

OS Grid: SU473266

Mapcode National: GBR 867.V0P

Mapcode Global: FRA 863C.X1B

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 75m west of Itchen Cottages

Scheduled Date: 30 March 1949

Last Amended: 13 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008223

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12120

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Compton and Shawford

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Compton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a circular bowl barrow set on a gentle north-east facing
slope 400m west of the River Itchen. The barrow mound survives under
cultivation to a maximum diameter of 28m and a height of 0.7m. Surrounding
the mound is a 3m wide ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction, this survives as a buried feature. The mound and ditch have a
diameter of 34m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite having been reduced by cultivation over the years, the barrow 75m west
of Itchen Cottages survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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