Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 120m north-west of Texas

A Scheduled Monument in Olivers Battery, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0405 / 51°2'25"N

Longitude: -1.3511 / 1°21'4"W

OS Eastings: 445588.782963

OS Northings: 126998.339127

OS Grid: SU455269

Mapcode National: GBR 866.M76

Mapcode Global: FRA 861C.KFY

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 120m north-west of Texas

Scheduled Date: 29 March 1949

Last Amended: 18 April 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012796

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12145

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Olivers Battery

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Compton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned NE-SW and set on a
ridge-top at the western end of Compton Down. The northern barrow
mound is 26m in diameter and survives to a height of 2.5m. A broad
ditch, c.7m wide and 0.2m deep, is visible both as an earthwork and an
area of darker soil to the east of the mound. A trench cut east-west
across the centre of the mound suggests the site may once have been
partially excavated. A second barrow mound is situated some 15m to the
south. It survives to a height of 1m and a maximum diameter of 19m. A
ditch surrounding the barrow is no longer visible at ground level but
survives as a buried feature.
Worked flints, likely to be contemporary with the construction of the
barrow, are visible both on the surface of the mounds and in the area
of the ditches.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of one of the barrows, much of the Texas
site remains intact and survives well. It therefore has considerable
archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Worked flints - 16 Feb 1990, Schofield A J, 16 Feb 1990 - worked flints,

Source: Historic England

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