Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows 200m north of Attwoods Drove Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Compton and Shawford, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0369 / 51°2'12"N

Longitude: -1.3344 / 1°20'3"W

OS Eastings: 446767.12778

OS Northings: 126601.699386

OS Grid: SU467266

Mapcode National: GBR 866.ZC4

Mapcode Global: FRA 862C.ZYW

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 200m north of Attwoods Drove Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 March 1949

Last Amended: 5 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014388

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12121

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Compton and Shawford

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Compton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes two bowl barrows set on the crest of a steep north-
facing slope at the east end of Compton Down. The barrows, which survive as
low earthworks, are orientated north-south and are separated by a distance of
c.10m. The northern barrow mound survives in permanent grassland to a maximum
diameter of 20m and is 0.8m high. When previously under cultivation, the
mound appeared as a chalky spread with a quantity of loose flints towards the
centre. The southern mound survives in an area of scrub. It is 22m in
diameter and c.0.7m high. Both mounds are surrounded by ditches c.3m wide and
surviving as buried features and both have central hollows suggesting
part excavation in the last century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite part excavation of the barrow mounds, much of the monument remains
intact and therefore has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

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