Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow and L-shaped earthwork on Baildon Golf Course

A Scheduled Monument in Baildon, Bradford

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Latitude: 53.8622 / 53°51'44"N

Longitude: -1.7849 / 1°47'5"W

OS Eastings: 414244.290693

OS Northings: 440690.651944

OS Grid: SE142406

Mapcode National: GBR HRZS.C7

Mapcode Global: WHC92.K58Z

Entry Name: Round barrow and L-shaped earthwork on Baildon Golf Course

Scheduled Date: 3 October 1935

Last Amended: 21 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012687

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25411

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Baildon

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Baildon St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a round barrow and an L-shaped earthwork which partly
encloses the barrow. They are situated by the roadside on Baildon Golf Course,
next to a small car park.
The barrow is visible as a low bank forming an incomplete and irregular circle
of c.13m diameter.
The L-shaped bank is double, with a ditch between two banks. The banks forming
the arms of the L-shape are c.5m wide, and 1m high. The long arm of the L is
c.26m long, and the short arm is c.15m long. The ditch between the banks is
c.1m deep from ground level, and c.5m wide. The total height difference
between the base of the ditch and the top of the banks is c.2m. The exact
function of this earthwork is not yet fully understood but it has some
antiquity, being recorded from at least 1846.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone
equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable
variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Although this cairn is disturbed it retains much of archaeological importance,
and important evidence of its form and location, and forms an important part
of the prehistoric landscape on Baildon Moor. The adjacent earthwork is also
well preserved. Information on its date, function and relationship to the
adjacent barrow will be preserved.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Colls, J M N, 'Archaeologia' in Early Remains Discovered in Yorkshire, , Vol. 31, (1846)
Colls, J M N, 'Archaeologia' in Early Remains Discovered in Yorkshire, , Vol. 31, (1846)
Colls, J M N, 'Archaeologia' in Early Remains Discovered in Yorkshire, , Vol. 31, (1846)

Source: Historic England

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