Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn and curving bank on Pennythorn Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Bingley, West Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.8658 / 53°51'56"N

Longitude: -1.7908 / 1°47'26"W

OS Eastings: 413852.0782

OS Northings: 441086.2003

OS Grid: SE138410

Mapcode National: GBR HRYQ.2Y

Mapcode Global: WHC92.G3G7

Entry Name: Round cairn and curving bank on Pennythorn Hill

Scheduled Date: 21 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012683

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25407

County: West Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Bingley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Baildon St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes a small round cairn and a curving stony bank, situated
on the northern flank of Pennythorn Hill in the rough land adjacent to a golf
The cairn has a diameter of 6m and a maximum height of 0.5m, and is slightly
hollowed in the centre. It has a surrounding ditch, which can be observed as a
slight depression c.1.5m wide on the southern, uphill, side.
The adjacent bank is c.63m long, 1m to 1.5m wide, and curves round the hill,
ending just below the cairn. It takes the form of a low stony bank or a stony
break of slope in the line of the hillside. Where crossed and eroded by trucks
it can be seen to be formed by a line of boulders. It is interpreted as a
prehistoric field boundary or a section of enclosure walling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone
equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable
variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Within the landscape of the moors are many discrete plots of land enclosed by
stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700BC), although earlier and later examples may also exist. They were
constructed as protected areas for settlement, stock penning, or crop growing.
Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes
provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and
farming practices among prehistoric communities.
This cairn survives well, as does the adjacent stone bank. Information on
their inter-relationship will be preserved and they will contribute to our
understanding of prehistoric activity on these moors.

Source: Historic England

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