Ancient Monuments

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Cup and ring marked rock east of Eaves Crag, Baildon Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Baildon, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.86 / 53°51'35"N

Longitude: -1.7723 / 1°46'20"W

OS Eastings: 415073.340144

OS Northings: 440440.473983

OS Grid: SE150404

Mapcode National: GBR JR2T.31

Mapcode Global: WHC92.R77Q

Entry Name: Cup and ring marked rock east of Eaves Crag, Baildon Moor

Scheduled Date: 22 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011740

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25419

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Baildon

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Baildon St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, at ground level and partly
covered with vegetation. The visible part measures 1.25m x 0.8m. It is
situated on Baildon Moor, above Eaves Crag, on a path and 22m east of a
golf tee.
The carving consists of a cup and partial ring, and one other cup.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more `rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are believed
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

The carvings on this rock survive well and it will contribute to an
understanding of the wider grouping of carved rocks.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 52

Source: Historic England

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