Ancient Monuments

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Cup marked rock and round cairn south east of Dobrudden caravan park

A Scheduled Monument in Baildon, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8555 / 53°51'19"N

Longitude: -1.7918 / 1°47'30"W

OS Eastings: 413790.139531

OS Northings: 439935.872917

OS Grid: SE137399

Mapcode National: GBR HRXV.WN

Mapcode Global: WHC92.FCZ5

Entry Name: Cup marked rock and round cairn south east of Dobrudden caravan park

Scheduled Date: 21 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012681

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25405

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Baildon

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Baildon St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved rock and a small round cairn, south east of
Dobrudden caravan park.
The cairn has a diameter of 4.5m and a height of 0.4m. It is hollowed in the
centre and some stone is visible in the structure.
The carved rock is situated on the south east edge of the cairn and is partly
covered in vegetation. The visible part measures 1.7m by 0.6m by 0.2m.
The carving consists of six cups.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone
equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable
variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Prehistoric rock carving is found on natural boulders and rock outcrops in
many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England
in Northumberland, Durham, and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form
of decoration is the `cup' marking, where small cup-like hollows are worked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the rings may also
exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. All
positively identified prehistoric rock carvings sites will normally be
identified as nationally important.
This cairn survives well and forms an important part of the prehistoric
landscape of Baildon Moor. Information on its relationship to the carved rock
will be preserved.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 52

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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