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Prehistoric cairn 675m south east of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5093 / 50°30'33"N

Longitude: -4.4674 / 4°28'2"W

OS Eastings: 225140.977508

OS Northings: 70631.779428

OS Grid: SX251706

Mapcode National: GBR NF.KB96

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JQ.9C1

Entry Name: Prehistoric cairn 675m SE of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011996

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15171

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes an elongated Prehistoric funerary cairn, situated near
other broadly contemporary cairns and hut circles and amid an area of
medieval cultivation ridges, on the western slope of the southern spur of
Craddock Moor on SE Bodmin Moor.
The cairn is visible as a large, slender, sub-triangular mound of heaped
rubble, rising up to 0.7m high and measuring 16.3m NW-SE by 6.75m maximum in
width near its SE end. The mound tapers to 2m wide at its NW end and
incorporates slabs up to 1m long among its largely turf-covered rubble
content. Some relatively recent stone-robbing has produced shallow hollowing
in its upper surface towards its SE end and two narrow ruts cross the NW half
of the mound. The ruts are also turf-covered and reflect an early diversion
from the disused hollowed routeway to Trewalla Farm that passes immediately
beyond the SE end of the cairn. Beyond this monument, a broadly contemporary
stone hut circle is situated 25m to the NW and another cairn is located 58m to
the WNW.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This elongated cairn on southern Craddock Moor has survived reasonably well,
despite the limited actions of stone robbers and the ruts which cross the
mound. This cairn is of unusual shape and will retain many of its original
features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly
contemporary settlement and funerary sites and to a medieval field system
demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Prehistoric period and its
subsequent development.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2570,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443.01,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446.01,
Consulted 1/1992, Quinnell, N V/RCHME, 1:2500 Supplementary Field Trace for SX 2570,
Consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2470 & SX 2471,

Source: Historic England

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