Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 525m east of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.513 / 50°30'46"N

Longitude: -4.4675 / 4°28'2"W

OS Eastings: 225152.887181

OS Northings: 71037.796931

OS Grid: SX251710

Mapcode National: GBR NF.K490

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JP.WY6

Entry Name: Round cairn 525m east of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012041

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15174

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a slightly ovoid Prehistoric round cairn situated near
the southern edge of a major concentration of Bronze Age funerary and ritual
monuments and close to a broadly contemporary settlement site and field system
on the southern part of Craddock Moor on SE Bodmin Moor.
The round cairn is visible as a near-circular mound of heaped rubble, up to
0.7m high and measuring 6m NW-SE by 5.2m NE-SW. The largely turf-covered,
shallow-domed mound shows no irregularities from any disturbance. Beyond this
monument, another, partly excavated round cairn is situated 80m to the east,
while the intervening area contains the numerous very small cairns of a
Prehistoric cairnfield. Also beyond this monument, the boundaries of a
Prehistoric field system incorporating stone hut circles approach within 10m
north of the cairn.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on southern Craddock Moor has survived well without any
visible or recorded disturbance. Its proximity to the broadly contemporary
settlement sites and to the concentration of ritual and funerary monuments on
Craddock Moor demonstrates well the organisation of land use and the diversity
of ritual monuments during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989), 278-282
consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2471, SX 2472, SX 2571, SX 2572,
Consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 14035,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1405,

Source: Historic England

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