Ancient Monuments

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Two stone hut circles and an adjoining Prehistoric boundary wall 470m east of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5132 / 50°30'47"N

Longitude: -4.4679 / 4°28'4"W

OS Eastings: 225120.468715

OS Northings: 71064.388836

OS Grid: SX251710

Mapcode National: GBR NF.K45M

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JP.WQN

Entry Name: Two stone hut circles and an adjoining Prehistoric boundary wall 470m east of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012000

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15173

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes two stone hut circles, linked by a contemporary boundary
wall, situated close to a broadly contemporary field system and near a major
concentration of Bronze Age funerary and ritual monuments on the southern part
of Craddock Moor on SE Bodmin Moor.
The hut circles are centred 25m apart on a WSW-ENE axis. The hut circle to the
WSW survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 1.5m wide and 0.5m high,
around a circular internal area 4.5m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope.
The hut circle wall incorporates spaced boulders up to 1m across and has an
entrance gap 0.75m wide facing SE. The hut circle to the ENE is of the same
construction, but with a slighter rubble wall, up to 0.4m high, linking its
spaced boulders and with a levelled internal area 4m in diameter. This hut has
an entrance gap 1m wide, facing ESE. The two hut circles are linked by an
earth-and-rubble wall, up to 1m wide and 0.2m high, which joins the WSW hut
circle at the northern side of its entrance and extends east, merging with the
southern sector of the wall of the ENE hut circle.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

These hut circles on southern Craddock Moor have survived reasonably well,
displaying clear details of their construction and, unusually, preserving an
integral wall linking them. Their proximity to the broadly contemporary field
system and major concentration of funerary and ritual sites on Craddock Moor
demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989), 278-282
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989), 278-82
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989), 279-282
consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2471 and 2571,
consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2570 and SX 2571,
Consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 14035,
Consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 14035.1,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1444-5,
Consulted 1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2571,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1405,
Forthcoming; draft text consulted, CAU, RCHME, The Bodmin Moor Survey (Volume 1), The Prehistoric and Historic Landscape,

Source: Historic England

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