Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Round cairn 725m ESE of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5104 / 50°30'37"N

Longitude: -4.4649 / 4°27'53"W

OS Eastings: 225327.624973

OS Northings: 70752.367365

OS Grid: SX253707

Mapcode National: GBR NF.KBYN

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JQ.4CN

Entry Name: Round cairn 725m ESE of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011992

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15169

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a small Prehistoric round cairn, situated near other
broadly contemporary cairns and hut circles and amid an area of medieval
cultivation ridges, on the western slope of the southern spur of Craddock Moor
on SE Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a circular mound of heaped rubble, 2.5m in diameter and
0.6m high, largely turf-covered. Beyond this monument, a broadly contemporary
stone hut circle is situated 20m to the east and a slight earth-and-rubble
bank passes 5m to the north, forming one of a series of medieval banks that
subdivide the cultivation ridges on this hillside.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This small round cairn on southern Craddock Moor has survived well without any
visible or recorded disturbance. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary
settlement and funerary sites and to a medieval field system demonstrates well
the nature of land use during the Prehistoric period and its subsequent
development.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2570,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446.02,
Consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2470 & SX 2471,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.