Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle 800m ESE of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Linkinhorne, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5102 / 50°30'36"N

Longitude: -4.4641 / 4°27'50"W

OS Eastings: 225384.658635

OS Northings: 70721.869161

OS Grid: SX253707

Mapcode National: GBR NF.KC5M

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JQ.4PM

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 800m ESE of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011989

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15167

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Linkinhorne

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a small stone hut circle, situated near other broadly
contemporary hut circles and cairns and amid an area of medieval cultivation
ridges on the western slope of the southern spur of Craddock Moor on SE Bodmin
Moor.
The hut circle survives with a turf-covered wall of heaped rubble, up to 0.75m
wide and 0.4m high, around a circular interior area, 2.8m in diameter,
levelled into the hillslope. The hut circle wall has a series of small
boulders, up to 0.3m across, spaced along its inner edge to form a rough
facing.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle on southern Craddock Moor has survived reasonably well and
displays clear details of its construction. Its proximity to other broadly
contemporary settlement and funerary sites and to a medieval field system
demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Prehistoric period and its
subsequent development.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2570,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443.04,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446,
Consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2470 & SX 2471,

Source: Historic England

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