Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 840m south east of Trewalla Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Linkinhorne, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5096 / 50°30'34"N

Longitude: -4.4641 / 4°27'50"W

OS Eastings: 225378.279365

OS Northings: 70657.887841

OS Grid: SX253706

Mapcode National: GBR NF.KC4Q

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JQ.4NS

Entry Name: Round cairn 840m SE of Trewalla Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011995

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15170

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Linkinhorne

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a small Prehistoric round cairn, situated near other
broadly contemporary cairns and hut circles and amid an area of medieval
cultivation ridges, on the western slope of the southern spur of Craddock Moor
on SE Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives as a circular mound of heaped rubble, 4.5m in diameter
and 0.5m high, largely turf-covered. Relatively recent stone-robbing has
produced a slight hollow, 1m in diameter and 0.1m deep, at the centre of the
mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This small round cairn on southern Craddock Moor has survived reasonably well,
despite the limited actions of stone robbers, and will retain many of its
original features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly
contemporary settlement and funerary sites and to a medieval field system
demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Prehistoric period and its
subsequent development.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Consulted 1/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2570,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1443,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446,
consulted 1/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1446.03,
Consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2470 & SX 2471,

Source: Historic England

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