Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 300m north of Slade House

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0594 / 53°3'33"N

Longitude: -1.8417 / 1°50'30"W

OS Eastings: 410703.981359

OS Northings: 351361.922647

OS Grid: SK107513

Mapcode National: GBR 36V.95H

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.PC6F

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m north of Slade House

Scheduled Date: 7 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011675

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13564

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Calton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the southern summit of the
crest of a ridge 300m north of Slade House. It survives as an oval mound
up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 21m by 19m. There is an
irregularly-shaped shallow central depression 0.2m deep. A drystone wall
clips the extreme northeast side of the barrow. Limited antiquarian
investigation at the barrow's centre located two adult human cremations in a
circular pit in the old landsurface. The pit had been lined with wood or
basketry. Elsewhere in the pit was a pygmy cup containing the teeth of a
child.
Ox bones, a bronze awl, flints, and pebbles were also found nearby. Beneath
these was the shoulder blade of a large animal with sawn edges. Four further
cremations and some flint flakes were found on the old landsurface a short
distance to the west of the central pit.
The drystone wall is excluded from the scheduling. The ground beneath it,
however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation at the monument's centre the bowl
barrow 300m north of Slade House survives reasonably well. This investigation
located human and faunal remains, flints, pottery and a bronze artifact, and
further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and
upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 130
Carrington, , Reliquary (1865), (1865), 171
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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