Ancient Monuments

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Cart Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0561 / 53°3'22"N

Longitude: -1.8459 / 1°50'45"W

OS Eastings: 410425.061226

OS Northings: 350997.271257

OS Grid: SK104509

Mapcode National: GBR 36V.G4G

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.MF6Y

Entry Name: Cart Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1970

Last Amended: 26 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008965

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22407

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Calton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes Cart Low bowl barrow located on the crest of a hilltop
at the southern end of a ridge 800m north of Calton. It survives as an oval
earthen mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 28m by 23m. Medieval
ploughing aligned north - south across the mound has created three lynchets,
two of which truncate the eastern and western edges of the barrow whilst the
third runs slightly east of centre. The monument is not known to have been

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some mutilation of the mound by medieval ploughing, Cart Low bowl
barrow survives well. It is a rare survival in the Peak District of an
unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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