Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 440m south east of Throwley Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0612 / 53°3'40"N

Longitude: -1.8402 / 1°50'24"W

OS Eastings: 410806.819863

OS Northings: 351559.273328

OS Grid: SK108515

Mapcode National: GBR 36V.3L0

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.PBX2

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 440m south east of Throwley Cottage

Scheduled Date: 23 February 1982

Last Amended: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010714

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13563

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Calton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the crest of a broad ridge top
at the eastern end of a locally high point some 440m southeast of Throwley
Cottage. It survives as an oval earthen mound up to 1.2m high with maximum
dimensions of 23.5m by 20m. Limited antiquarian investigation at the barrow's
centre found a single flint flake and noted the mound to be layered with
organic material.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the monument the
bowl barrow 440m southeast of Throwley Cottage survives well. This
investigation found well preserved remains of organic material, and further
evidence of environmental deposits and the structural form of the monument
will exist within the mound.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 113
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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