Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 810m north-west of Rushley Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in Ilam, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.066 / 53°3'57"N

Longitude: -1.8261 / 1°49'33"W

OS Eastings: 411751.30557

OS Northings: 352097.647298

OS Grid: SK117520

Mapcode National: GBR 480.TBC

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.X6MC

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 810m north-west of Rushley Bridge

Scheduled Date: 18 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009556

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13539

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Ilam

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Wetton St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located 810m north-west of Rushley Bridge
on a narrow terrace just above the flood plain of the River Manifold.
It survives as an oval mound up to 1.1m high with maximum dimensions of 20.5m
by 17m. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre and eastern side of
the barrow located two inhumations, three cremations, flints, pottery and a
bone artefact.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigations of the barrow's centre and eastern
side the monument survives well. These investigations located human remains,
flint and pottery, and further similar evidence of interments and grave goods
will survive within the mound and upon the old landsurface. Unusually for the
Peak District this barrow is located in a river valley.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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