Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Arbour Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0646 / 53°3'52"N

Longitude: -1.84 / 1°50'23"W

OS Eastings: 410820.242812

OS Northings: 351937.611629

OS Grid: SK108519

Mapcode National: GBR 36N.X6Z

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.Q70G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Arbour Hill

Scheduled Date: 7 July 1981

Last Amended: 9 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010128

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13558

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Calton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on the crest of a ridge at the
northern end of Arbour Hill. It survives as a slightly oval earthen mound up
to 2.3m high with maximum dimensions of 26.5m by 24m. A covered reservoir
measuring 5.5m by 4.5m has been inserted in the barrow's centre. Limited
antiquarian investigations at the monument's centre located two cists each
containing a cremation, two further cremations, two contracted inhumations
adjacent to each other, a further inhumation, flint artefacts, worked animal
bone, an iron spike and Romano-British pottery.
The water reservoir and its inlet and outlet pipes are excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite the insertion of a water reservoir into the centre of the monument the
bowl barrow on Arbour Hill survives well. Limited antiquarian investigation
of the monument's centre located human and faunal remains, flint and iron
artefacts and Romano-British pottery. Further evidence of inhumations and
grave goods will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface.
Additionally, the monument is a rare example in the Peak District of a bowl
barrow displaying re-use during Romano-British times.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Mr. V. Holland (site owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1991)
Snowdon, C.A., AM 107, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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