Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow at Charles Head

A Scheduled Monument in Lyme Handley, Cheshire East

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Latitude: 53.3061 / 53°18'21"N

Longitude: -2.0366 / 2°2'11"W

OS Eastings: 397659.205869

OS Northings: 378790.761618

OS Grid: SJ976787

Mapcode National: GBR GZ66.WL

Mapcode Global: WHBBJ.P5DB

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Charles Head

Scheduled Date: 18 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011164

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23613

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Lyme Handley

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Rainow Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument is a bowl barrow at Charles Head located on the crest of a ridge
260m west-north-west of Charles Head Farm. It includes an oval mound of earth
and stones up to 1.3m high with maximum dimensions of 14.5m by 13m. The barrow
is crossed by a drystone wall, to the north of which is a central rectangular
hollow and linear trench indicating unrecorded limited investigation.
The drystone wall crossing the barrow is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath the wall is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited investigation of the northern half of the monument, the bowl
barrow at Charles Head survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the remainder of the mound and upon the old
landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Wroe, P, 'Cheshire Archaeological Bulletin' in , , Vol. 4, (1976), 36-7
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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