Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 160m south of Blue Boar Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Rainow, Cheshire East

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Latitude: 53.2845 / 53°17'4"N

Longitude: -2.0452 / 2°2'42"W

OS Eastings: 397084.668505

OS Northings: 376387.887124

OS Grid: SJ970763

Mapcode National: GBR GZ5G.0B

Mapcode Global: WHBBJ.KPBY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 160m south of Blue Boar Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 October 1957

Last Amended: 21 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007392

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22569

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Rainow

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Rainow Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument is a bowl barrow located on a low ridge top 160m south of Blue
Boar Farm. It includes an oval mound of earth and stones up to 2m high with
maximum dimensions of 31.5m by 29m. Antiquarian records describe the site as
'more or less disturbed' in 1878 suggesting previous investigation. There was
an unrecorded investigation in 1972 and a shallow hollow 3m in diameter and
0.3m deep south-west of the summit may be associated with this.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited 19th and 20th century investigations, the bowl barrow 160m
south of Blue Boar Farm survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed
archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Sainter, J D, Scientific Rambles Around Macclesfield, (1878), 16
Thacker, A, The Victoria History of the County of Cheshire, (1987), 84-5
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)
Ref. No. SJ97NE4, Ordnance Survey, Ordnance Survey Record Card, (1964)

Source: Historic England

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