Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 100m west of Black Rock Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Rainow, Cheshire East

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Latitude: 53.2866 / 53°17'11"N

Longitude: -2.0635 / 2°3'48"W

OS Eastings: 395862.849253

OS Northings: 376625.42525

OS Grid: SJ958766

Mapcode National: GBR GZ1F.1K

Mapcode Global: WHBBJ.8NM9

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 100m west of Black Rock Farm

Scheduled Date: 12 April 1957

Last Amended: 20 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007391

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22568

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Rainow

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Rainow Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Chester


The monument is a bowl barrow located 100m west of Black Rock Farm on a
slight knoll on the hillside below a broad shelf. It includes a sub-circular
mound of earth and stones 22.5m in diameter and up to 1.6m high. Undocumented
investigation of the barrow's centre has left a hollow 4m in diameter and 0.3m
deep approached by a shallow trench from the south-west.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited investigation of the monument's centre and some spreading of
the mound's edges by ploughing, the bowl barrow 100m west of Black Rock Farm
survives reasonably well. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits
within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1599, Cheshire SMR, Round Barrow W of Blackrock Farm, Ginclough, (1992)

Source: Historic England

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