Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 450m south east of Upper Hyde Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7104 / 51°42'37"N

Longitude: -2.1595 / 2°9'34"W

OS Eastings: 389072.83835

OS Northings: 201308.836319

OS Grid: SO890013

Mapcode National: GBR 1N1.LW3

Mapcode Global: VH955.J86N

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 450m south east of Upper Hyde Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 January 1949

Last Amended: 8 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008626

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22888

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Minchinhampton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Brimscombe Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on level ground in an area of the
Cotswold Hills.
The barrow has a mound composed of small stones. It has a maximum diameter of
31m, a maximum height of c.0.8m, and is surrounded by a ditch from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become
infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The barrow was partially excavated prior to 1870 by G E Playne when a primary
interment in a circular pit was discovered. The bones and ashes were
surrounded by stone slabs around the edges, while the overlying layer
contained prehistoric pottery, a leaf-shaped flint arrowhead and a piece of
bronze.
The barrow is one of two burial monuments which occur within this field.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 450m south east of Upper Hyde Farm
survives comparatively well and is known to contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 124
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 124

Source: Historic England

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