Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 100m north east of The Windmill

A Scheduled Monument in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.7072 / 51°42'25"N

Longitude: -2.204 / 2°12'14"W

OS Eastings: 386002.536222

OS Northings: 200958.182152

OS Grid: SO860009

Mapcode National: GBR 1MZ.TWX

Mapcode Global: VH954.RC63

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 100m north east of The Windmill

Scheduled Date: 26 October 1971

Last Amended: 24 September 1999

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1016993

English Heritage Legacy ID: 32362

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Minchinhampton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Minchinhampton with Box

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow on level ground immediately to the
east of Minchinhampton Common. The barrow mound measures 32m in diameter and
is 1m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated
during the construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer visible at
ground level, but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide.
The barrow was partially excavated in 1868 by the owner of the land when an
iron ring and a few fragments of bronze were recovered and the centre of the
mound was found to consist of a fine mould.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 100m north east of the The Windmill survives well as a prominent
mound with associated buried deposits, in an archaeologically rich area.
Despite partial excavation during the 19th century the mound will contain
evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will
provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of
the local community at that time. The barrow mound will also preserve
environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the
construction of the barrow and will provide evidence for the landscape at the
time of the barrow's construction. In addition the mound and its surrounding
ditch will contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains,
which will relate both to the barrow and the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 124
Playne, G F, 'Proceedings of the Cotteswold Naturalists Field Club' in On the Early Occupation of the Cotswold Hills by Man, , Vol. V, (1872), 283

Source: Historic England

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