Ancient Monuments

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Norn`s Tump long barrow, 400m south-east of Hill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Avening, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6842 / 51°41'3"N

Longitude: -2.1615 / 2°9'41"W

OS Eastings: 388930.580457

OS Northings: 198393.276649

OS Grid: ST889983

Mapcode National: GBR 1NF.6CX

Mapcode Global: VH955.HX5S

Entry Name: Norn`s Tump long barrow, 400m south-east of Hill Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1949

Last Amended: 24 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008196

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22864

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Avening

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Avening Holy Cross

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a chambered long barrow situated on a plateau in the
area of the Cotswold Hills with views over the Avening Valley to the south,
gently sloping land to the north and the adjacent ridge to the south-east.
The barrow, which is known as Norn`s Tump, has a mound trapezoidal in plan and
orientated east-west; it has dimensions of 52m from east to west and 25m from
north to south. The mound is composed of small stones and has a maximum height
near to the centre of 2.5m.
An early illustration of the barrow suggests that it had two side chambers,
both of which were visible in 1911. There are two large depressions on the
southern side of the barrow`s mound which could mark the position of these
chambers.
The mound is flanked on each side by a ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. These have become infilled
over the years, but will survive as buried features c.5m wide.
Excluded from the scheduling are all hedges, dry-stone walling and fence posts
relating to the land boundaries, although the ground beneath these features is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

Norn`s Tump long barrow survives well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. This barrow is a good example of a group of long barrows
commonly referred to as the Cotswold-Severn group, named after the area in
which they occur.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. 179, (1960), 70
Other
Mention of sketch of burial chambers,

Source: Historic England

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