Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 150m north-east of Brandhouse Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.6836 / 51°41'0"N

Longitude: -2.1927 / 2°11'33"W

OS Eastings: 386770.08217

OS Northings: 198329.116486

OS Grid: ST867983

Mapcode National: GBR 1NC.JF7

Mapcode Global: VH954.YY48

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m north-east of Brandhouse Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 January 1949

Last Amended: 7 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009893

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22865

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Minchinhampton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Avening Holy Cross

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated just below the crest of a
limestone ridge overlooking a dry valley to the south.
The barrow, known as `The Oven', has a mound 15m across and c.1m high which is
surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the monument. This has become infilled over the years and, although no
longer visible, it survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
Partial excavations conducted by G F Playne in 1851 demonstrated evidence for
a human cremation associated with ashes of charcoal overlying the original
ground surface in the centre of the barrow.
The water-trough situated on the south-western side of the monument is
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath this feature is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow known as `The Oven` survives well
and is known to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to
the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Details of partial excavations,
Mention of flint finds,
Name of site,

Source: Historic England

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