Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 400m east of Upper Hyde Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7121 / 51°42'43"N

Longitude: -2.1597 / 2°9'34"W

OS Eastings: 389063.39964

OS Northings: 201495.601939

OS Grid: SO890014

Mapcode National: GBR 1N1.LTD

Mapcode Global: VH955.J73C

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m east of Upper Hyde Farm

Scheduled Date: 5 January 1927

Last Amended: 8 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008625

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22887

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Minchinhampton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Brimscombe Holy Trinity

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on level ground in an area of the
Cotswold Hills.
The barrow has a mound composed of small stones. It has maximum dimensions of
30m east-west by 25m north-south and is c.3m in height. Surrounding the
mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of
the monument. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a
buried feature c.2m wide.
A hollow 10m wide and 1.5m deep in the centre of the mound marks the area of a
partial excavation conducted in 1848 when the barrow was found to contain
burnt human skeletal remains, ashes and a Roman brooch situated within a
stone lined cist. The site was later surveyed by G E Playne in 1869 when it
was recorded as oval in shape. The large size of the barrow, together with the
discovery of a Roman brooch confirms reuse of the monument in the Roman
period.
The barrow is one of two which occur within this field.
Excluded from the scheduling is the dry stone wall to the north of the barrow
mound, although the underlying ground is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 400m east of Upper Hyde Farm
survives well and is known to contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed. The barrow has a very large mound, which is unusual, and is a
characteristic feature of Roman burial mounds. The presence of a Roman brooch
accompanying the burial deposits confirms the later reuse of this site.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 124
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 124
Other
Mention survey by G E Playne 1869,

Source: Historic England

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