Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 35m east of summit of Long Scar Pike

A Scheduled Monument in Shap Rural, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.4915 / 54°29'29"N

Longitude: -2.6292 / 2°37'45"W

OS Eastings: 359338.353904

OS Northings: 510862.304159

OS Grid: NY593108

Mapcode National: GBR BJ2H.LQ

Mapcode Global: WH939.LC6M

Entry Name: Round cairn 35m east of summit of Long Scar Pike

Scheduled Date: 2 March 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008560

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22454

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Shap Rural

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located 35m east of the summit of Long Scar
Pike. It includes an oval mound of limestone rubble up to 2.5m high with
maximum dimensions of 28m north-south by 22m east-west. Much of the surface
of the monument is composed of small pieces of limestone but beneath this
layer are larger blocks of the same material. There is an irregularly-shaped
hollow up to O.35m deep at the mound's centre. The monument is not known to
have been excavated. The surface of the cairn has been partly disturbed by
construction of a modern cairn in the middle of the monument.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite some surface disturbance to the mound caused by construction of the
modern cairn, the round cairn 35m east of the summit of Long Scar Pike
survives well. It will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the
mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1582, Cumbria SMR, Long Scar Pike, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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