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Oddendale concentric stone circle

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5099 / 54°30'35"N

Longitude: -2.6318 / 2°37'54"W

OS Eastings: 359191.217286

OS Northings: 512911.460238

OS Grid: NY591129

Mapcode National: GBR BJ29.03

Mapcode Global: WH933.JXZ1

Entry Name: Oddendale concentric stone circle

Scheduled Date: 27 October 1936

Last Amended: 17 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011513

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22450

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is Oddendale concentric stone circle. It is located 580m south
west of Oddendale Hall Farm on an escarpment of Carboniferous Limestone within
a few metres of the ridge of the watershed of the Lyvennet and Lowther
valleys. The monument includes an outer circle 26.3m in diameter of 34 pink
granite boulders and an inner circle 7.5m in diameter of 23 smaller boulders
of the same material. The inner circle forms the kerb of a small cairn up to
0.3m high from which earthfast stones protrude. Between the inner and outer
circles, in the south west quadrant, are several smaller stones. Immediately
north of the outer circle is a small group of associated outlying stones.
Limited antiquarian investigation of the central cairn located evidence of
burning.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of
upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by
earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones
may be found within the circle or outside it and avenues of stones radiating
out from the circle occur at some sites. Burial cairns may also be found close
to and on occasion within the circle. Stone circles are found throughout
England although they are concentrated in western areas, with particular
clusters in upland areas such as Bodmin and Dartmoor in the south-west and the
Lake District and the rest of Cumbria in the north-west. This distribution may
be more a reflection of present survival rather than an original pattern.
Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the
Middle Bronze Age (c.2000-1240 BC). It is clear that they were carefully
designed and laid out, frequently exhibiting very regularly spaced stones, the
heights of which also appear to have been of some importance. We do not fully
understand the uses for which these monuments were originally constructed but
it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies
that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided
a focus for burials and the rituals that accompanied interment of the dead.
Some circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the
passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by the careful alignment of
stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at
midsummer or midwinter. At other sites the spacing of individual circles
throughout the landscape has led to a suggestion that each one provided some
form of tribal gathering point for a specific social group. Concentric stone
circles comprise an arrangement of two or more stone rings set within one
another. The diameter of the outer ring may vary between 20 and 330 metres,
this ring comprising between 20 and 97 stones. They occur in clusters in
Wiltshire, Derbyshire and Cumbria with outliers in North Yorkshire and
Dartmoor. The best and most complex examples of this type are Stonehenge and
Avebury. Of the 250 or so stone circles identified in England only 15 are of
this type. As a rare monument type which provides an important insight into
prehistoric ritual activity, all surviving examples are worthy of
preservation.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the central cairn, Oddendale
concentric stone circle survives in excellent condition and appears little
disturbed

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Simpson, , 'Trans Cumb and West Antiq and Arch Soc. Old Ser' in Trans Cumb and West Antiq and Arch Soc. Old Ser, , Vol. VI, (), 178
Other
Bowman, A., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Concentric Stone Circles, (1990)
SMR No. 1576, Cumbria SMR, Stone Circle 550m SSW of Oddendale, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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