Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Iron Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5271 / 54°31'37"N

Longitude: -2.6252 / 2°37'30"W

OS Eastings: 359636.671438

OS Northings: 514828.248851

OS Grid: NY596148

Mapcode National: GBR BJ32.GX

Mapcode Global: WH933.NG4S

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Iron Hill

Scheduled Date: 27 October 1938

Last Amended: 13 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011572

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22458

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a bowl barrow located towards the north-westerly edge of the
summit ridge of Iron Hill. It includes a slightly oval mound of earth and
stones up to 1m high with maximum dimensions of 14m by 12m. There is a kerb of
11 pink granite boulders around the southern part of the barrow and socket
holes indicating the location of a further 7 kerbstones removed during the
1980's from the barrow's northern part. The monument is not known to have been
A drystone wall and adjacent post and wire fence crossing the barrow are
excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath these features is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite recent removal of kerbing stones from the monument's northern half,
the bowl barrow on Iron Hill survives well. It is a rare survival in Cumbria
of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old land

Source: Historic England


Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
SMR No. 2903, Cumbria SMR, Mounds at Iron Hill, Crosby Ravensworth, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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