Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Small stone circle 220m south-east of Castlehowe Scar

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5328 / 54°31'58"N

Longitude: -2.639 / 2°38'20"W

OS Eastings: 358748.188222

OS Northings: 515471.521614

OS Grid: NY587154

Mapcode National: GBR BJ00.GW

Mapcode Global: WH933.FBKD

Entry Name: Small stone circle 220m south-east of Castlehowe Scar

Scheduled Date: 28 October 1938

Last Amended: 17 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011610

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22451

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Shap with Swindale St Michael

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a small stone circle located 220m south-east of Castlehowe
Scar farm. The monument includes a circle 5m in diameter of 11 variably spaced
boulders, 10 of which are rounded pink granite and one being hewn blue
granite. The two largest stones are at the southern side of the circle. The
westerly of these is hewn blue granite stone and this has fallen. The monument
is not known to have been excavated. The monument does not extend south of the
field boundary as indicated by the symbol on the map extract enclosed.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of
upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by
earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones
may be found within the circle or outside it and avenues of stones radiating
out from the circle occur at some sites. Burial cairns may also be found close
to and on occasion within the circle. Stone circles are found throughout
England although they are concentrated in western areas, with particular
clusters in upland areas such as Bodmin and Dartmoor in the south-west and the
Lake District and the rest of Cumbria in the north-west. This distribution may
be more a reflection of present survival rather than an original pattern.
Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the
Middle Bronze Age (c.2400-1000 BC). It is clear that they were carefully
designed and laid out, frequently exhibiting very regularly spaced stones, the
heights of which also appear to have been of some importance. We do not fully
understand the uses for which these monuments were originally constructed but
it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies
that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided
a focus for burials and the rituals that accompanied interment of the dead.
Some circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the
passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by the careful alignment of
stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at
midsummer or midwinter. At other sites the spacing of individual circles
throughout the landscape has led to a suggestion that each one provided some
form of tribal gathering point for a specific social group. A small stone
circle comprises a regular or irregular ring of between 7 and 16 stones with a
diameter of between 4 and 20 metres. They are widespread throughout England
although clusters are found on Dartmoor, the North Yorkshire Moors, in the
Peak District and in the uplands of Cumbria and Northumberland. Of the 250 or
so stone circles identified in England, over 100 are examples of small stone
circles. As a rare monument type which provides an important insight into
prehistoric ritual activity, all surviving examples are worthy of
preservation.

The small stone circle 220m south-east of Castlehowe Scar survives well and is
a good example of this class of monument.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Bowman, A., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Small Stone Circles, (1990)
SMR No 1584, Cumbria SMR, Stone Cricle 240yds SE of Castlehowe Scar, (1989)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.