Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 670m north-east of summit of Long Scar Pike

A Scheduled Monument in Shap Rural, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.4959 / 54°29'45"N

Longitude: -2.623 / 2°37'22"W

OS Eastings: 359746.423542

OS Northings: 511357.865822

OS Grid: NY597113

Mapcode National: GBR BJ3G.X3

Mapcode Global: WH939.P855

Entry Name: Round cairn 670m north-east of summit of Long Scar Pike

Scheduled Date: 2 March 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015970

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22453

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Shap Rural

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located 670m north-east of the summit of Long
Scar Pike at the eastern edge of an area of limestone pavement. It includes a
circular mound of limestone rubble 11m in diameter and up to 0.7m high that
has been piled onto the limestone pavement. There is a rounded glacial
erratic boulder on the northern edge of the mound. The monument is not known
to have been excavated. A small modern cairn has been built by walkers on the
eastern side of the monument.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite minor surface disturbance to the mound caused by construction of the
modern cairn, the round cairn 670m north-east of the summit of Long Scar Pike
survives reasonably well. It will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits
within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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