Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 670m north-east of summit of Long Scar Pike

A Scheduled Monument in Shap Rural, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4959 / 54°29'45"N

Longitude: -2.623 / 2°37'22"W

OS Eastings: 359746.423543

OS Northings: 511357.865824

OS Grid: NY597113

Mapcode National: GBR BJ3G.X3

Mapcode Global: WH939.P855

Entry Name: Round cairn 670m north-east of summit of Long Scar Pike

Scheduled Date: 2 March 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015970

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22453

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Shap Rural

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a round cairn located 670m north-east of the summit of Long
Scar Pike at the eastern edge of an area of limestone pavement. It includes a
circular mound of limestone rubble 11m in diameter and up to 0.7m high that
has been piled onto the limestone pavement. There is a rounded glacial
erratic boulder on the northern edge of the mound. The monument is not known
to have been excavated. A small modern cairn has been built by walkers on the
eastern side of the monument.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite minor surface disturbance to the mound caused by construction of the
modern cairn, the round cairn 670m north-east of the summit of Long Scar Pike
survives reasonably well. It will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits
within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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