Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 30m east of Wicker Street Roman Road

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.4994 / 54°29'57"N

Longitude: -2.6128 / 2°36'46"W

OS Eastings: 360410.52969

OS Northings: 511739.463411

OS Grid: NY604117

Mapcode National: GBR BJ6D.4V

Mapcode Global: WH939.V50H

Entry Name: Round cairn 30m east of Wicker Street Roman Road

Scheduled Date: 27 July 1964

Last Amended: 17 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011512

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22456

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on Crosby Ravensworth Fell 30m east of
Wicker Street Roman road. It includes a slightly oval earth and stone mound up
to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions of 13m by 12m. Limited antiquarian
investigation of the mound's centre failed to locate interments or artefacts.
A circular hollow 5m in diameter and 0.3m deep containing a number of
earthfast stones indicates the site of this investigation. An information sign
on the monument's eastern side is excluded from the scheduling but the ground
beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited archaeological investigation at the centre of the mound, the
cairn 30m east of Wicker Street Roman road survives well. This investigation
failed to locate any interments or grave goods and the monument will retain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the original

Source: Historic England


Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No 1773, Cumbria SMR, Cairn E of Wicker Street, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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